- a framework that connects three knowledge areas essential for effective instruction:  technology knowledge, content knowledge, and pedagogical knowledge.

Content Knowledge - Subject area expertise.
Pedagogical Knowledge - Knowledge and expertise in the use of various instructional methodologies to instruct students.
Technological Knowledge - Knowledge of and skilled in  the use of various digital tools to support instruction and make content accessible to students.
TPACK Venn Diagram 1

TPACK Venn Diagram 2

- a model that describes integration practices.
The SAMR Model